Determining freight class might be one of the most overwhelming parts of shipping your LTL freight because of the many factors involved in the process. However, getting the right class for your freight could mean significant differences in pricing, as well as strained relationships; particularly if your freight is reclassified by your carrier. For this reason, we want to discuss the factors that go into properly determining freight class for your LTL shipment, as well as introduce our new density/class calculator made to cut down on both confusion and time!
What Determines Your Class for LTL Freight
At FreightorGator, we pride ourselves on making the LTL Freight experience as easy and painless as possible for our customers. We’ve married technology with the shipping process to bring you innovative and exciting ways to get the job done. There’s no reason LTL shipping needs to be stressful or expensive in our book. Check out our free quote calculator today, or read on to learn more about determining proper freight class.
There are various factors that go into determining which class your freight will be categorized under. Basically, freight class is a ranking system used to determine the cost and transportability of your shipments. Generally speaking, class is determined by these 4 factors:
Density (weight, length, height) – This is based on the actual measurements of your freight and will determine how and where the shipment will fit into the truckload.
Stow-ability – Refers to your freight’s ability to store well with other shipments, especially in cases where certain freight cannot be stowed together or in the absence of load-bearing surfaces (stack-ability).
Handling – Is determined by your freights ability to be handled by mechanical equipment OR its reliance upon special requirements.
Liability – Is the probability of damage or theft to your freight, or conversely, to other freight around it such as in the case of explosives.
Using this data, carriers are able to decide just how manageable your freight will be to transport and then charge you accordingly. Assuming you’ve correctly entered in the measurements and data for your freight, all is well. However, if shippers happen to determine the wrong class, or purposely choose lower classes to save costs, carriers will re-class freight and often charge extra to do so. This is when choosing the correct freight class becomes vital to your company’s overall expense.
Using the FreightorGator Density/Class Calculator
After realizing how common incorrect classification was in the LTL industry, we took it upon ourselves to create an easy, user-friendly calculator for shippers to determine their freight class. Our calculator easily determines which class your freight falls under based on data you input about your freight. Include your unit dimensions and weight, press “calculate” and voila, your recommended freight class appears! It’s that easy. You can find our density/class calculator here, or for more questions about your shipment, head to our home page and chat with one of our live associates. We’re happy to assist your freight experience in any way we can.