When it comes to determining the freight class for your shipment, it’s essential to ensure you’ve correctly determined how your freight is classified, as it’ll affect the pricing for your shipment, among other aspects of the shipping process. Typically determined by density and a few other important factors, your shipment’s freight class will ultimately affect how it’s shipped, what it can be shipped with, and how much it will cost.
Of course, calculating your shipment’s density and determining the according freight class is easier said than done. To save you time, and money, FreightorGator takes the trouble out of calculating such with our freight class and density calculator. Before you get there, though, take a moment to learn more about how freight is classified—we’ve even provided a chart below.
How Freight Class is Determined
While a freight class calculator will help you easily determine your shipment’s classification, it’s still necessary to know how shipments are classified and what factors impact their classification. First, note that there are 18 standard freight classes, ranging from 50 to 500. In essence, the lower the number for your freight class, the lower the costs to ship will be. As mentioned, this freight class will depend on the dimensions of your freight, among other factors. Take a look below for an explanation of each factor:
- Density (Weight and Dimensions): Determining the density of your freight can be quite complicated, yet it’s a main factor in classifying your freight. Assigned by the Commodity Classification Standards Board (CCSB), the density is essentially the space the freight takes up in a trailer in relation to the items’ weight. So, the density is assigned by dividing the item weight by its volume (L x W x H). Our freight class calculator can do this for you!
- Stow-ability: While density is typically the main factor within freight classes, how easily your freight can be stored on the truck, train, or ship will also be taken into account. For instance, some items may make it difficult to get other items on the same truckload, whereas others may contain materials that can’t be shipped alongside certain items. All of these aspects affect the stow-ability of your freight.
- Handling: Certain items can obviously be handled and loaded with ease, especially with the equipment typically used. However, others may require special care in being handled, which will affect the classification of such freight.
- Liability: Finally, the potential of freight being stolen or damaged must also be considered. Yet, perishables and freight with the potential of combusting are also included in factoring in liability.
Determining Your Freight Density
As mentioned, the density of your freight is the main factor in determining the freight class. However, aside from FreightorGator’s freight class calculator, you can refer to the standard table below to get an idea of how shipments are classified in regards to density. Take a look:
|Freight Class||Type of Freight (Examples)||Weight per Cubic Feet|
|50 (least expensive)||Fits on 4×4 pallet||50+ pounds|
|55||Bricks, flooring, cement||35 – 50 pounds|
|60||Car parts and accessories||30 – 35 pounds|
|65||Boxed books, car accessories & parts, bottled drinks||22.5 – 30 pounds|
|70||Automobile engines, car accessories, food items||15 – 22.5 pounds|
|77.5||Tires, bathroom fixtures||13.5 – 15 pounds|
|85||Crated machinery||12 – 13.5 pounds|
|92.5||Computers, refrigerators||10.5 – 12 pounds|
|100||Boat and car covers, canvases, caskets||9 – 10.5 pounds|
|110||Cabinets, framed art, table saws||8 – 9 pounds|
|125||Small, household appliances||7 – 8 pounds|
|150||Auto parts (sheet metal), bookcases||6 – 7 pounds|
|175||Clothing, couches and similar, stuffed furniture||5 – 6 pounds|
|200||Sheet metal parts, packaged mattresses, aircraft parts||4 – 5 pounds|
|250||Mattresses, box springs, plasma TVs||3 – 4 pounds|
|300||Model boats, assembled chairs, tables, wood cabinets||2 – 3 pounds|
|400||Deer antlers||1 – 2 pounds|
|500 (most expensive)||Bags of gold dust, ping pong balls||Less than 1 pound|
Find Your Freight Class with Ease!
While the table above can help you determine the freight class for items in your shipment, our freight class calculator can do the work for you, including calculating the freight density. Once you’ve determined the freight class, you can then use our instant quote to to find the best shipping rates possible for your LTL freight.